Observations made on several hundred farms, ranches, feedlots, and slaughter plants indicates that the single most important factor which affects animal welfare is the attitude of management. Places that have good animal welfare have a manager who cares about welfare. Places where animal welfare is poor often have a manager who does not care. A good manager enforces standards to maintain good welfare. Employees are well trained and people who abuse animals are punished. I have observed that the most effective manager is involved enough in day to day operations to care but he or she is not so involved that they become numb and desensitized to animal suffering. People who handle hundreds of animals each day can become desensitized. They need a strong manager to serve as their conscience.
List of references related to welfare issues with beta-agonists
Transferring results of behavioral research to industry to improve animal welfare on the farm ranch and in the slaughter plant
A Hog Slaughter Commentary
Avoid Being Abstract When Making Policies on the Welfare of Animals
The Effect of Economics on the Welfare of Cattle, Pigs, Sheep, and Poultry
Do Animals and People with Autism Have True Consciousness?
Reply to the Paper by Stan Curtis on Animal State of Being and Welfare
Problems with Handling and Transporting newborn calves
Animals are not Things
Tips on How to Make Group Sow Housing Successful
Distress in Animals: Is it Fear, Pain, or Physical Distress?
Welfare in Slaughter Plants Improves
Dr.Grandin comments on Specific Animal Welfare Issues
Animal Welfare Is a Public Concern
Economic Advantages of Good Animal Welfare
There are Five Basic Welfare Problems in Slaughter Plants
How to Prevent Animals From Becoming Crippled or Non-ambulatory.
Animal Welfare in Slaughter Plants (research paper)
Electro-immobilization is not a Humane Method of Restraint
Effect of Rearing Environment and Environmental Enrichment on the Behavior and Neural Development of Young Pigs.
Genetics and Animal Welfare.
Corporations can be Agents of Great Improvements in Animal Welfare and Food Safety and the need for Minimum Decent Standards.
Importance of Genetics in Sow Group Housing
Welfare quality European scoring system
European on farm animal welfare assessment
European welfare codes
United Kingdom animal welfare codes
FASS Federation of Animal Science Societies: Guide for care and use of agricultural animals in teaching and research (Ag Guide)
Cattle lameness scoring videos
Laying hen welfare assessment
Search engine for scientific literature
Animal Welfare Information Center. This is the United States Department of Agriculture website. It contains the Agricultural Research Service and the National Agricultural Library.
The National Cattleman's Beef Association. This website contains information on many subjects and links to other internet resources.
The National Pork Board. This website contains just about everything there is to know about pigs and pork, from industry news and education to recipes.
The Pig Disease Information Center. Keep up to date with technical developments and swine health news by accessing this extensive Internet website(PDIC).
The MEATing Place. This website is an information hub for the red meat and poultry industries, by Marketing and Techology Group, publishers of Meat Marketing and Technology, Poultry Marketing and Technology, and CarneTec.
Meat & Poultry. The Business Journal of the Meat and Poultry Industry.
USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection's Service.
Food Saftey Inspection Service (FSIS). Humane slaughter and food safety regulations.
Oklahoma State University. The Department of Animal Science at Oklahoma State website accesses agriculture information.
Listing of libraries and research institutes in Canada.
New Scientist - A great general interest science magazine with articles about animals.
WorldWideScience.Org - Access government databases in many countries for scientific information.
Science Direct - Access scientific literature and journals.
Pub-Med - Database of National Library of Medicine with access to veterinary literature.
Access Codes of Practice in New Zealand
Lists codes of Practice in the United Kingdom and Animal Welfare Research
Lists Table of Contents of Applied Animal Behaviour Science with many articles on welfare
National Institute for Animal Agriculture (LCI) - Educational materials on animal handling and prevention of disease.
Information on U.S. animal welfare legislation
Publications and research on welfare from the University of California
Directory of Animal Rights Sites
American Society of Animal Science - Index of articles published in the Journal of Animal Science.
American Dairy Science Association - Index of articles published in the Journal of Dairy Science.
OIE World Organization for Animal Health - transport, health, and humane slaughter.
Table of contents for Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science - Published by ASPCA.
Universities Federation for Animal Welfare - Abstracts of articles in the journal Animal Welfare.
Animal Behavior Society
Website of the American Veterinary Medical Association.
Website of the National Institute of Animal Agriculture - Contains information on handling and disease prevention.
American Association of Bovine Practitioners - Contains euthenasia guidelines.
American Association of Swine Practitioners (Veterinarians).
Alberta Farm Animal Care Association.
Journal of Applied Animal Science Welfare.
Beef Magazine - Lots of cattle information.
National Hog Farmer Magazine - Lots of Swine information.
Online resource for swine management information.
Archive of fabulous science websites that have been chosen by the editors of Science (American Association for the advancement of Science).
Science News website - The news magazine of science with easy to read articles about scientific research in all fields.
Encyclopedia of Psychology - Links to animal behavior sites.
Alberta Government Agriculture, Food, and Rural Development - Source of lots of information.
International Society of Applied Ethology - Many researches in animal behavior belong to this society.
Prairie Swine Center in Canada - Research studies on swine behavior.
Purdue Center for Food animal well-being - Links to journals and animal behavior research.
Western College of Veterinary Medicine Saskatchewan - Site by Joe Stookey with lots of behavior information and links.
Association for the Study of Animal Behavior - Links to animal behavior societies.
Animal Transportation Association - Information on livestock transport
Bud Williams Website on Low Stress Cattle Handling
Mobile Slaughter Unit for Processing Livestock on the Farm - Lopez Community Land Trust
National Bison Association - Information and links on the bison industry
Drover's Journal - Lots of links and articles about livestock
Stockman Grass Farmer - Magazine with lots of information on raising livestock on grass
American Livestock Breeds Conservancy - Dedicated to preserving rare heritage breeds of livestock
Canadian Organic Association - Information on organic beef and livestock
National Organic Program - USDA site on the organic program
National Sustainable Agricultre Information Service - Articles on grazing and organic farming
Soil Association - United Kingdom site on organic farming
Google Scholar: Searches scientific databases
More great links in the Animal Behavior Section.
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