Lack of Employee Training
During twenty years of experience, I
have observed that plants which
have good animal welfare have a manager who trains and supervises his or
her employees. Plants with lax management often have animal abuse
(Grandin, 1988c; 1994a).
- Maintaining a high standard of
constant management attention and vigilance.
- A good manager constantly
works on improving details of procedures. After the distractions and
serious design mistakes are eliminated, employees can fully use behavioural
principles to move animals easily and quietly (Grandin, 1993; Kilgour and
zone behaviour and utilizing a few basic principles, moving animals
in a calm and orderly fashion becomes very easy.
- The author has observed that the most common mistake made by
employees is attempting to move too many animals at a time.
species, forcing pens should not be filled more than three-quarters
- Employees should also be taught how to time groups of animals. The
next group should not be driven into the forcing pen until there is space in
the race for them to walk into. This procedure utilizes natural following
Sheep in a crowd pen following each other into a single file
race. Notice the handler's position. The animals do not need
- Most importantly, employees need to remain calm and
sudden, jerky movements and yelling.
- Electric prods should be
used as little as possible.