Recommended Basic Livestock Handling

Safety Tips for Workers


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  1. A single, lone, agitated steer is very dangerous. Many serious cattle handling injuries are caused by a single agitated steer or cow. One man received twenty-seven stitches after he got in the crowd pen with a lone animal and teased it.
  2. Escaped cattle must never be chased. An animal which is loose on the plant grounds will return to the stockyard if it is left alone.If an animal gets loose inside the plant, employees should stay quiet while one designated person either stuns it or eases it out a door.
  3. Stay out of the blind spot behind a steer's rear end. If he cannot see you, he is likely to kick you.
  4. Install a safety fence consisting of upright posts around the cattle shackling area to prevent cattle from entering other parts of the plant.

Understanding Flight Zone and Point of Balance

Low Stress Methods for Leading Cattle in Rotational Mob Grazing Systems

Using Animals Follow the Leader Instinct

Identify Common Distractions That Impede Movement

Improving Animal Movement

Using Prods and Persuaders Properly

Preventing Injuries and Bruises

Importance of Reducing Noise

Moving Cattle out of Pens and Sorting

Grazing Without Fences and Placing Cattle

Bud William's Technique For Moving Cattle On Pasture

Steve Cote - Stockmanship and Handling Cattle on the Range

Preventing Bull Accidents

Introducing Animals to New Experiences

Is Acting like a Predator Low Stress Cattle Handling?

Assessment of Temperament in Cattle

Solving Behavior Problems: Questions and Answers

Understanding Motivation of Cattle and Horses


References : Entire Papers Presented


Grandin, T. (1989) (with 2003 updates)
Behavioral Principles of Livestock Handling
Professional Animal Scientist December 1989 (pages 1-11)

Grandin, T. (1998) (with 2000 updates)

Review: Reduing handling stress improves both productivity and welfare
Professional Animal Scientist March 1998 (pages 1-10)

Grandin, T. (1997)

Thinking The Way Animals Do
Western Horseman November 1997 (pages 140-145)

Grandin, T. (1995)

Bruise Levels on Fed and Non-Fed Cattle
Livestock Conservation Institute
79th Annual Meeting Proceedings (pages 193-197)
1910 Lyda Drive Bowling Green, Kentucky 42104-5809 USA

Grandin, T. (1994)

Solving Livestock Handling Problems
Veterinary Medicine October 1994 (pages 989-998)

Grandin, T. (1994)

Methods to reduce PSE and bloodsplash
Allen D. Leman Swine Conference Volume 21 (pages 206-209)
College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota.

Grandin, T. (1993)

Teaching principles of behaviour and equipment design for handling livestock
Journal of Animal Science 71:1065-1070

Grandin, T. (1988)

Environmental Enrichment for Confinement Hogs
Livestock Conservation Institute
Annual Meeting Proceedings (pages 119-123)
1910 Lyda Drive Bowling Green, Kentucky 42104-5809 USA

Grandin, T. (1997)

Assessment of stress during handling and transport.
Journal of Animal Science
75:249-257


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